A research paper titled "Does Working Capital and Financial Structure Impact Profitability of Islamic and Conventional Banks Differently?" by Mr. Ejaz Aslam (PhD Scholar, Institute of Islamic Banking, UMT), Mr. Farrukh Ijaz (Academics Officer, Institute of Islamic Banking, UMT) and Ms. Anum Iqbal (MS Finance Scholar, School of Business and Economics, UMT) considered for publication in Islamic Banking and Finance Review (Vol. 3, Issue 1) journal.
The essential factor for the financial growth of a country is a stable banking system. Over the past few years, Islamic banking industry of Pakistan has grown substantially; however, it faces many challenges regarding its financial stability. This study examines the impact of working capital and financial structure on Pakistan banking sector profitability. The study used generalize least square (GLS) estimation analysis on 5 Islamic banks over the period 2006 to 2014 and 15 conventional banks from 2008 to 2014. Return on assets (ROA), return on equity (ROE) and net income (NI) are used as dependent variables. Working capital and proportion of funds provided by bank creditors are used as independent variables. Bank size, deposit ratio, gross domestic product (GDP) and inflation (CPI) are used as control variables to control heterogeneity and co-linearity among variables. Study found an increase in working capital results decrease in the profitability of Islamic and conventional banks. However, financial leverage has statistically significant positive impact on profitability of Islamic banks and vice versa for conventional banks.